Emerging Markets Concentrate Combat Hot Money

Submitted by: Haven Frbiz

In order to curb the inflow of hot money led to exchange rate fluctuations, the ruling party said on Wednesday that South Korea may be starting as early as January next year, foreign investors held back on the South Korean Ministry of Finance and central bank bills, 14% of the tax levy. The accused was suffering from the capital control measures now has become a multi-country Asia and Latin America to protect its economy, “meat and potatoes.”

Yonhap news agency on Sunday also quoted unnamed government officials as saying that South Korean National Assembly during this regular meeting will seek to recover debts to foreign holders of Korean withholding tax, may adopt a more flexible rate.

The report said the South Korean government will also discuss with effect from January next year, foreign bank branches in foreign exchange forward transactions from the current 250% limit adjusted for 200% of total capital. It is reported that the program or will be held today, the Group of 20 (G20) summit in Seoul announced.

The withholding tax rate, the official said, initially (pre-tax) rate in 14%, but taking into account the tax convention, a number of countries for 10% to 12% tax rate, so the South Korean government is looking into the technical details , as in “no representation, no tax on” (no taxation without representation) under the premise of this principle, to set a range of flexible rates.

South Korea suspended in May 2009 on government bonds and monetary stabilization bonds to foreign buyers of capital gains tax in order to attract long-term foreign capital.

Since June this year, the won appreciated against the U.S. dollar more than 9% appreciation in Asia outside Japan after the Thai baht currency. And, as most of the problems faced by Asian countries, currency appreciation is threatening the export-oriented Korean economy.


Asia, South America, have shot

To the G20 summit in Seoul recently, the Fed announced last week to buy 600 billion U.S. dollars U.S. Treasury bonds to promote economic growth, the United States has also become the world’s “common knowledge”: from Asia to South America and more States have expressed dissatisfaction, saying that the move may will have down the dollar and accelerating capital outflows to emerging markets and other side effects.

Similar situation with South Korea, these countries and regions have also recently introduced a similar blow hot money inflows, currency appreciation against the series of initiatives and asset bubbles.

In order to control hot money inflows, the Thai government announced last month, Thai Foreign investors collected profits bond market gained 15% withholding tax.

Brazil also last month, foreign investors will be on the local fixed-income assets, income taxes have tripled. Brazil’s Ministry of Finance decided to October 19 from foreign investors in Brazilian financial operations tax rate from the current 4% to 6%. Brazil on October 5 just the tax rate from 2% to 4%. In addition, foreign markets in Sao Paulo trading futures margins will be increased.

Middle East also hot money “of fear.” It is reported that Saudi Arabia said last month that plans to further open markets to foreign investors, but the fear of “hot money” speculation, only gradually opening up. At this stage, Saudi Arabia has been open to foreign investors in the stock market, but only through indirect ownership or through exchange-traded index funds (ETFs) trading.

The accused was suffering from capital controls in emerging market countries today has become the “meat and potatoes.”

Quantitative easing by the Fed is threatening and cause Asian stock markets, currency markets and asset bubbles in real estate market, Asian economies or the need to restore capital controls.

Capital controls in the period 1997 to 1998, was banned and berated, but now the capital of the world has become a systemic problem, all countries that may be necessary to take temporary capital controls. More targeted temporary capital controls may be targeted under the current circumstances to produce better results, the Government can consider introducing policy measures to guide the flow of capital to more productive long-term foreign investment.

You can build the global financial tax system to subsidize the spread of global liquidity due to the loss of local taxpayers. He pointed out that if the global financial system sound, must have such a tax, in the hot money coming in, gradually increase the tax rate.

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